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We have discussed everything about EPS in our series of Articles on EPS.
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Monthly pension calculation (Employed after 16/11/1995)
The pension amount for those employed after 16th November 1995 is calculated as follows:
Pension amount = (Pensionable salary * Service period)/70
In order to calculate the monthly pension, in this case, the following points need to be kept in mind:
- Pensionable salary is the average income of the preceding 60 months. Most employers have a restriction on pension contribution to either Rs.1,250 or 8.33%, whichever is minimum. In these scenarios, the maximum pensionable salary would be Rs.15,000.
- Only the basic pay and dearness allowance are considered a salary.
- If an employee has completed over 20 years of service, then two years should be added as a bonus in the equation. According to the rules, the bonus can be also applied for the service before 16/11/1995.
- The new rules make it mandatory for the pension to be more than Rs.1,000 per month.
- An employee is eligible for a pension after completion of 10 years of service.
2. Monthly Pension Calculation for a member who joined EPF before 15.11.1995 have 3 components in the Pension calculation
a) Procedure for calculating the Past Service Pension
- The pension is calculated twice based on the period of employment.
- Once before 16/11/1995 and once after 16/11/1995.
- For calculation of pension before 16/11/1995, the following table can be used. In this table, the pension is fixed based on the pay and period of service.
|Years of past service||Up to Rs.2,500 (Salary)||Above Rs.2,500 (Salary)|
|Below 11 years||80||85|
|Between 11 to 15 years||95||105|
|Between 15 to 20 years||120||135|
|More than 20 years||150||170|
- Find out the period that had elapsed between 16.11.1995 and the date of exit and based on this period locates the corresponding Table ‘B’ Factor. Date of Exit is Date of attaining 58 years for superannuation/early pension, Date of Death for widow pension and Date of Disablement for Disablement Pension.
- Multiply the Past Service Benefit and the Table B factor, which gives the Past.
b) Procedure for calculation of Pensionable Service Pension–
- Find out the Category of the member as to whether he belongs to X, Y or Z Category.
- X – Date of commencement of pension is between 16.11.1995 and 15.11.2000 Y – Date of commencement of pension is between 16.11.2000 and 15.11.2005 Z – Date of commencement of pension on or after 16.11.2005.
- Find out the Pensionable Service and Pensionable Salary of the member and substitute the same in the formula given as below.
(Average Salary X Service)/70
- If the formula pension calculated is less than 335/438/635 respectively, for X, Y, Z categories, then only that minimum pension is to be given.
c) Procedure for the calculation of Total Pension-Add the Past Service Pension and the Formula Pension.
- Add the Past Service Pension and the Formula Pension.
- If the total pension is less than 500/600/800 respectively, for X, Y, Z categories, then that minimum pension shall be the total pension.
- But this total pension is for an eligible service of 24 years or more, and if the eligible service is less than 24 years, then this total pension has to be proportionately reduced subject to a minimum of 265/325/450 depending on X, Y, Z categories (only when the minimum pension is given).
- If the total pension itself is more than the minimum, then the proportionate reduction need not be made even if the eligible service is less than 24 years.
Wealth Cafe Tip – We tend to accept EPF the way it is displayed in our passbooks. There is always a scope of error and one should verify every return and investment they are making.