16

Digital Gold: Have you pocketed everything you need to know?

Hello fellow investors

Digital Gold is considered as one of the best and most convenient ways to invest in gold for us gold love-stuck Indians. In the past one year, every other payment app like Paytm, Google Pay and now even Amazon Pay has joined the players who offer Digital Gold. Even many stockbrokers have joined the offering to cater to the Indians' love for Gold.

The increasing gold prices and higher returns in the past 1 year have only further affirmed this love. Is this digital gold all that glittery for real?  Have you looked at the fees, cost structure, and the regulations behind buying digital gold? Read this article to understand the various nuances of digital gold and things to consider before buying digital gold (only for convenience)


Digital Gold – Have you pocketed everything you need to know?

The entire mantra of Digital India has been pushed to gold as well and now an investor can purchase gold using payment apps like Paytm, Phone Pe, Google Pay, Amazon Pay, etc.

As investors, it is important to be aware of how Digital Gold functions; where is the money eventually going, and how cost-effective this investment is. Here we will break down these concepts for you and help you have a well-informed discussion about digital gold and it will offer you insights if you should go for it or not.



What is Digital Gold?

Digital Gold is a way to invest in physical gold ‘digitally’. It is offered by 3 main vendors in India – Augmont Gold; MMTC-PAMP India Pvt. Ltd (a joint venture between state-run MMTC Ltd and Swiss firm MKS PAMP) and Digital Gold India Pvt. Ltd with its Safe Gold brand. Various payment apps such as – Paytm (Safe Gold), Google Pay (MMTC-PAMP), Amazon Pay (Safe Gold), and investment platforms such as – Kuvera, Groww, and stockbrokers bring to you this digital gold in partnership with one of the three vendors. There are many new financial service providers who are adding digital gold to their bouquet of services.

So how does this work? When an investor buys gold via these apps, physical gold equivalent to that amount is kept safely in a vault under the security of the vendors. The investor can then choose to sell the gold at any time using the same app or convert it into gold coins (after reaching a certain limit).

Digital gold enables an investor to buy, sell, and accumulate pure gold of finesse 99.99 (24K gold) infractions anytime, anywhere. Thus, even with a minuscule monetary investment of INR 1, an investor can buy gold (even if it’s a minuscule quantity of it) at their convenience regardless of the time and place. What’s more, is that one can do so without worrying about the purity of gold.



Is this product really all gold?

To dig deeper into the digital gold framework and its working, we checked the buying & selling prices on various apps and compared the same to MCX gold prices.

MCX Price on 18 September was INR 51,210

As you can see from the table above, there is a clear difference between the buy and sell price of digital gold. Also, the prices on these apps are much higher than the MCX price for gold.

The gold price is higher on the platforms as they charge convenience fees, gold handling charges, trustee fees, storage charges which are all included in the gold price but there is no breakup of these charges mentioned anywhere. Additionally, a GST of 3% is also payable on the gold price.

Meanwhile, the selling price is substantially lower than the buying price and on top of it, some platforms also charge a convenience fee when you sell the gold.

Making & delivery charges – An investor can take physical delivery of gold in the form of gold coins and jewellery (Paytm has tie-ups with Kalyan Jewellers). While converting to coins, making charges and delivery charges are payable. On the Paytm app, the minimum quantity of 0.5 grams of gold is required to convert to gold coins and the charges vary from 384 for 1 gram gold coin to 944 for 10 gram gold coin (these charges and specifications varies across each app)

Apart from the additional cost, the risk of investing in digital gold is that there is no regulator for the product. When digital gold is bought, the vendor purchases gold of an equivalent amount in the investor's name. Generally, a trustee is appointed to see if the quantity and purity of gold is maintained in line with the gold purchased by the investor. However, currently, there is no regulator to oversee if the trustee is doing the work properly. This is a point of concern because even the apps which help one to buy digital gold are only a medium to buy it. Ultimately gold is stored with the vendors.

In light of the lack of regulatory framework coupled with the high cost of digital gold, other investment options of gold such as sovereign gold bonds & Gold ETF appear more viable when investing larger amounts of money and for longer periods.

On the other hand, digital gold helps us, gold love-struck Indians, to accumulate gold in smaller quantities as investing in large amounts may be out of bounds for a large section of the population. And this can be seen in the high volume of transactions seen by platforms like Paytm in a short span of time.

If you want to know more about the basics of Digital Gold, do check out our video on the same through the following link:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kNnyBJw6sm4&t=2s&ab_channel=WealthCafeFinancial

 

Disclaimer: - The articles are for information purposes only. Information presented is general information that does not take into account your individual circumstances, financial situation, or needs, nor does it present a personalized recommendation to you. You must consult a financial advisor who understands your specific circumstances and situation before taking an investment decision.



7

A Fixed Interest Of 8.5% With Low Interest- Invest Now?

Hi fellow investors

Have you recently checked returns of debt investment options like Fixed deposits/Liquid Funds? I am sure you would have been very disappointed by the return numbers there.  The approx interest from some of the popular debt investments today are::

1. Overnight/Liquid Debt Funds (Up to 90 days): 3.5% - 4.0%
2. Short term Debt Funds (1-3 yrs): 5.5% - 6.5% 
3. Fixed Deposits (1-5 years): 5.5% - 6.5%
4. Bharat Bond ETF (5-year bond) - 5.46%
5. Public Provident Fund (PPF) (15 years) - 7.1%

Clearly, the returns have reduced by 3%-5% across different debts in the past few months and debt as an investment category doesn't look very attractive. With the latest inflation number hovering at 6%, our money invested in the above debt options barely covers the impact of inflation on our expenses.

What if I told you that there was an option to earn 8.5% per annum?

For salaried fellow investors, it is something you deal with every payslip; Employee Provident Fund (EPF), giving an interest rate of 8.5% (for FY 2020-21) which is not only risk free, but also tax free. 

How can you make the most of it? 

If you are a salaried individual and your company has a provident fund and you have not opted for EPF,  you could opt for it as in the current market scenario no other debt investment is giving returns as high as 8.5% p.a.


1. Maximize your EPF Limit 

 If you are just contributing only INR 1,800 (the minimum required under EPF rules) towards your EPF account, you could consider increasing it making it to 12% of your basic salary. That way you can make the full use of the EPF limit available to you.


2. Invest as VPF (Voluntary Provident Fund) 

Where you are already investing 12% of your Basic Salary towards EPF and want to invest more to earn 8.5% you have an option to increase your contribution in EPF by opting for VPF (Voluntary Provident Fund). You can invest an amount up to your entire 'Basic' salary with the EPFO and earn the same interest rate of 8.5%. Please note your employer is not obliged to match this higher contribution and hence, it is called a 'voluntary' provident fund.

Features of VPF that you must know of 

  • It will earn you the same interest as your EPF i.e. 8.5% per annum (currently)
  • It will have a lock-in period of 5 to 10 years but you can withdraw for some specific reasons. Check out when can you withdraw from your EPF here.
  • Your employer will not match the contribution of your VPF unlike EPF
  • our contribution to VPF is eligible for tax deduction under section 80C.
  • The interest earned from VPF would also be tax-free (provided it is not withdrawn within the first 5 years).

So, if you have funds that you want to invest in risk-free investments and can park it for a while, (EPF + VPF) is a good debt investment option and can be mapped to your retirement goal. 

How much should you invest in VPF?

We are not advising you to invest your entire salary as VPF and have no money to pay your bills or cover your short term goals. We also don't want you to miss out on your equity investments that result in wealth creation over the long run. You can compute how much to invest as your VPF as under:

For example, if your in-hand salary is INR 1,50,000 per month (A basic component of INR 50,000):  

  • 12% of your basic salary i.e. INR 6,000 would be invested as your EPF.
  • A matching amount of INR 6,000 will be contributed by your Employer.
  • If your monthly expenses are INR 100,000, you have a monthly savings of INR 62,000 (INR 50,000 + INR 12,000).

Now if you are looking to invest in VPF, the lower of the 2 parameters will help you compute the same.

Limit I: 
Not more than 40% of your total portfolio holding should be in illiquid investments (Know about the step-by-step process to withdraw your EPF). You can ensure this by not contributing more than 40% of your monthly savings towards Illiquid investments.
Accordingly, 40% of your savings (INR 62,000) will be INR 24,800 out of which INR 12,000 is already invested as EPF. So the balance you could additionally invest is INR 12,800 as per this.

Limit II: 
It should be considered as a part of the contribution you make towards your retirement goal. Now if your retirement goal requires you to invest 18,000 per month for the next 25 years to achieve your corpus to retire peacefully (based on Wealth Cafe Investing tool) and you are already investing INR 12,000 from the EPF, then only the balance of INR 6,000 should be invested towards VPF.

Limit III:
You are already investing INR 12,000 towards EPF. A maximum of another INR 38,000 can be invested by you in VPF.

Based on the above limits, INR 12,800 or INR 6,000 or INR 38,000 whichever is lower can be additionally invested in your VPF.

For simplicity sake, the above computation assumes that you are not investing your money in any other illiquid investments and are not saving for your retirement in any fund apart from EPF and VPF. If you are doing so, the amount invested in that could be reduced from the amount arrived at in Limit I & II above.

Another advantage of using the VPF route is that it is invested directly from your salary and then the balance salary comes to you, ensuring the consistency of your investments. 

Do review your numbers and you will have to contact your HR/accounts team to start contributing to VPF. Let us know if you have any questions about this in the comments section of our blog.

Disclaimer: - The articles are for information purposes only. Information presented is general information that does not take into account your individual circumstances, financial situation, or needs, nor does it present a personalized recommendation to you. You must consult a financial advisor who understands your specific circumstances and situation before taking an investment decision.



6

Be the champion of your Investments – A Liverpool Fan’s Analogy

Hi fellow investor,
 
Date night discussions with my husband does belong to our goals or my travel plans but the evenings he gets a chance to contribute to our conversations (which is not rare), it is a detailed discussion on how sports can help you build character, release stress, and become a better strategist. For me, sports was always Cricket and Sachin (why not!); but this weekend I was celebrating the championship win of Liverpool Football Club (they won the domestic league after 3 decades) with my husband.
 
I am not a football expert; but yes, in the past one year, I have heard enough stories and 'force watched' some late-night matches with my husband to understand what this win means to him and in general to everyone who is a football fan. So along with one such discussion, we have together compiled this financial learning from the win of Liverpool and we hope that you will enjoy this too.
 
Learnings from the Liverpool championship after 30 years:

Planning & Strategy Is Most Crucial For Your Win

The player cannot just kick a football anywhere he wants - similarly you just can't get up and start investing your money anywhere you want. There are defined goals and strategies to put your money (like the ball) in the right asset classes. As they say - A goal without a plan is just a wish.

The way the Liverpool team transformed itself from very ordinary gameplay to a very possession and pressing-oriented gameplay with a purpose behind every move, and every player in the team has a specific role to play, similarly there is a definite role to be played by every asset in your portfolio and you should invest by maintaining your asset allocation and goals.




Some Championships Take Time
 Don't jump ship after every loss - Liverpool, historically one of the largest and most successful clubs in the football world had to wait for 30 years to win a domestic league cup. They won the champions league last year making it 6 Champions League titles (a record number of Champions League by an English club). But they were just a point shy of a Domestic League last year which cost them the title (but that did not make me stop supporting the club). Finally, they made it happen this year!! So yes, at the face of it one may say 30 years too long but it is important to know what has happened right and wrong in these years.

Similarly, when you are investing, some of your best investments may give you unexpected loss in some years and you may tend to dump them. If you start selling with every sight of loss, your investments will not have enough time to compound and grow. Every decision to invest, stay, and sell must be made based on an appropriate analysis of the variations in the returns and your goals.




Focus On The Management Style
 

A new manager who took charge almost 5 years ago, brought about some gradual changes to the club for good, resulting in all the success the Club garnered in these 5 years. 

Similarly, when you are investing in Stocks or Mutual Funds, a change in management (style of investing) can move your investments either towards good or bad. Hence, it's important to know about your managers, their style of investing, and whether that matches your expectations from the investment or not. It is not only numbers that show you performance but also non-financial things like the attitude and strategy of the management. 




A Good Strategy May Take Time To Show Results

Give time to your fund managers/advisors - Jurgen Klopp took over Liverpool FC almost 5 years ago (in October 2015) and the first 3 years were only spent in organizing/ streamlining the team, picking up the right player to include in the squad and prepping them. There was not much belief then as compared to now. In the past year, Liverpool FC has won 4 major honors in football that made them the world Champions in 2020. But when someone with new strategies comes in we need to be patient about the kind of results they can show.

The same applies to our investments and advisors. No one holds a magic wand and it takes time to show results; in the right hands, there is a possibility of the results compounding over time and give the investors exponential returns. Don't go asking - 'Kitna returns milega?' as your first question to your advisors. 
"Sometimes it is not about money, but rather the process of managing the money" - Anonymous
 
To sum up, have a plan for your investments and see them work towards that plan instead of letting time and circumstances let your goals fade away. Discuss the plan with your partners and family just like you discuss sports and movies. In the last year I learnt a lot about about football and Liverpool over the dinner table. But we never forget to sit and discuss our investments each month and review our statements because remember - You will never walk alone



Disclaimer: - The articles are for information purposes only. Information presented is general information that does not take into account your individual circumstances, financial situation, or needs, nor does it present a personalized recommendation to you. You must consult a financial advisor who understands your specific circumstances and situation before taking an investment decision.



5

How can I downsize my portfolio? – Part 2

Hi fellow Investors,

As discussed 2 weeks back (in our article - How many Mutual Funds should you have, an investor should not have more than 5-6 Mutual Funds in his/her portfolio. These should be restricted to 1 Mutual Fund scheme to invest in each Mutual Fund category based on your risk profile, goals, and other requirements. As a follow up to this, we told you that we shall tell you how to downsize/limit your portfolio to 5-6 Mutual Fund schemes.

The simplest way to do this is to first identify which Mutual Fund categories you need to invest in (based on your risk and goals) and identify the right schemes in each category (it is advisable to invest in schemes that are right for you and not look for the best schemes). This will give you your desired holding of Mutual Fund Schemes.

Once you have done that, it is important to take stock of mutual funds that you already have.

Make a list of all your investments in Mutual Funds. To do this, you can download your Consolidated Account Statement from CAMS Online. It will give you transaction wise details of all your mutual fund transactions provided you have used your existing email ID when doing the transactions. Otherwise, if you have an agent or use a platform for investing in mutual funds - you can ask them as well for a holding report.

Compare the existing holding of schemes with the list of desired holding schemes determined above.

SELL unwanted schemes

The way to downsize is to redeem the extra/unwanted schemes and invest the proceeds from the redemption into the desired mutual fund schemes. You can exit from some scheme and buy another scheme in the same category (hence, setting off your loss or gain). You will have to trim your portfolio to reduce it to 5-6 mutual fund schemes.

 

How should you decide what to sell?


Maintain your Asset Allocation

We always tell you to do this and this time around as well, it's the same solution.  Your investments in various asset classes should be made to achieve the right allocation. Even with Mutual Funds, your split between Debt & Equity should be based on your asset allocation. You can read more on this here - https://financial.wealthcafe.in/how-should-you-invest-right-now/


% of your portfolio - Small value funds
 

 You can choose to sell the schemes where the invested amount is low and they are only increasing the number of schemes you hold.


Underperforming funds
 
Analyze the performance of your invested funds and understand which are the funds you should have in your portfolio. Exit from risky funds and poor performing funds. This can be understood by checking the returns of your scheme with the underlying benchmark returns.   
Currently, almost all your investments pre-march would be performing poorly, hence it is important for you to check funds past consistent performance and not just last 2 months' results. 

Minimalism is the key to a cleaner and better portfolio as the reduced number of funds makes it easier for you to analyze your invested funds regularly and also, take a more informed decision with respect to your investments. Also, the cost of managing these funds is reduced.

Where you have just started investing, keep in mind that every time you want to invest more money, you need not invest that in a new mutual fund scheme. You can instead increase your SIP amounts in your existing schemes.


Consult an Advisor
 
Where you already have 15 - 20 Mutual Funds and are finding it difficult to select which ones to keep and which ones to let go, it is advisable to get the assistance of a financial advisor who will go through your risk profile and advise you exactly which mutual funds to hold and for how long. Where you need an advisor/financial planner for your specific financial needs, you can reach out to us at  https://ria.wealthcafe.in/



6

Mistakes Investors Make That You Should Avoid

Hello fellow investors!

This Thursday, we are sharing a few mistakes that a beginner does when he/she starts investing and it is important that you understand them and act on it accordingly.


1. Not investing

The first and the biggest mistake investors and savers make is not doing it.
Don’t wait for that raise, inheritance, or lottery win. Start today, right now, with whatever you can.

Consider this: If you can save just 100 INR a day every day for 20 years, and earn 12 percent on it, you’ll end up with INR  30,48,395. That’s enough to change your life and the lives of those you love. So let's just start with keeping INR 100 aside.



2. Investing before doing your homework

When it comes to investing in risk assets like stocks, one mistake I’ve made is going on “gut instinct” and 20 minutes of Internet research.

When dealing with investments that can go south, don’t invest without a clue. If you’re thinking about stocks, there’s plenty of online research and information available free, not to mention TV shows and library books.



3. Being impatient


In a post called The 10 Commandments of Wealth and Happiness, the author, Stacy Johnson, offers this advice: Live like you’re going to die tomorrow, but invest like you’re going to live forever.

Stare at a newly planted tree for 24 hours and you’ll be convinced it’s not growing. Fixate on your investments the same way, and you could miss out on a game-changer.

As discussed above, your 100 INR daily grows into 30 lakhs over 20 years, you gotta be consistent and patient.



4. Not diversifying

There are two types of risk in stocks. The first is called market risk: If the entire market tanks, your stocks probably will as well. The other is called company risk: the risk a specific company will do poorly.

It’s hard to eliminate market risk, but you can reduce company risk by investing in lots of companies.

Can’t afford to own a meaningful number of companies? That’s what mutual funds are for. A mutual fund allows you to own a slice of dozens – even hundreds – of companies with an investment of as little as INR 500.



5. Taking too much risk

Everybody wants to double their money overnight. But if you’re always swinging for the fence, you’re going to strike out often.

Some investments are little more than gambling. Investments like options and commodities, for example, promise huge rewards, but the risk is also huge. Don't forget high risk = high returns.



6. Not taking enough risk

On the other side of the same coin, some investors stand like a deer in the headlights, unwilling to take even a measured amount of risk.

Instead, they keep their savings only in fixed deposits and bank, earning less than 6% (which is only reducing) and comforting themselves with Mark Twain’s expression: “I’m more concerned with the return of my money than the return on my money.”

Insured savings will ensure you never lose anything. But they’ll also ensure the purchasing power of your savings won’t keep pace with inflation. In other words, you’ll become poorer over time.



7. Paying too much attention

There is such a thing as information overload. Between the Internet, newspapers, magazines, and cable TV, it’s easy to get more than your fill of conflicting information.

Step back, look at the big picture, find a few financial journalists or others you trust, then tune out the rest.



8. Following the herd

One of the world’s wealthiest men, Warren Buffet, said, “Be fearful when others are greedy; be greedy when others are fearful.”

If you’re convinced the economy is going to zero, buy guns and canned goods. But if you can reasonably expect a recovery someday, invest – even if that day is a long way away, and even if it’s possible things could get worse before they get better.

We have seen the recovery that has happened from the below of March 23, 2020, of the stock market to current where we are almost back to what we were at the beginning of 2020.



9. Holding on when you should be letting go


Equity is best played as a long game. You should hold on long enough to see it through, but not knowing when to get out could cost you big.

Don’t obsess over your investments, but don’t ignore them either.



10. Being overconfident

The economy runs in cycles of boom and bust – when times are good, people often confuse luck with skill.

This is what happened during the housing bubble and the dot.com stock bubble and the past 4 months (March 2020 to July 2020). Being in the right place at the right time isn’t the same as being smart.



11. Failing to adjust

How you invest should change as your life changes. When you’re young, it makes sense to invest aggressively, because you have time to recoup from mistakes.

As you approach retirement age, you should reduce your risk.



12. Not seeking qualified help

While investing isn’t rocket science, if you don’t have the time or temperament, consider getting help.
The wrong help?
A commissioned salesperson more interested in their financial success than yours.
The right help?
A fee-based planner with the right blend of education, knowledge, credentials, and experience - you can contact us at ria.wealthcafe.in

Happy Investing!

Disclaimer: - The emailers are for information purposes only. Information presented is general information that does not take into account your individual circumstances, financial situation, or needs, nor does it present a personalized recommendation to you. You must consult a financial advisor who understands your specific circumstances and situation before taking an investment decision.



2

One size does not fit all!

Hi fellow investors,


Ever walked into the ladies' shoe section of the mall during the sale season?

They have long tables filled with all kinds of shoes and each table has the shoe size written on it. I happened to have very petite feet (a size 36) and I look forward to the sale season to upgrade my shoe collection. And during the sale, I go to the mall oozing with enthusiasm to pick up some great heels at flat 50% off, fight off scores of other women and claw my way to the front of the table only to find ugly black chappals in my size!

However, at the end of the store, there is a table filled with some amazing shoes and without the commotion around it, but they are SIZE 41 - 42. Ugh! I hate having small feet during the sale season. All the best brands have their best discounts on shoes in the 40-42 size range. They even have color options! They have so many great options that I am even tempted to try them on just to see what they'd look like. But I do NOT buy these shoes because they are NOT my SIZE. They may be the BEST shoes out there but I DO NOT BUY it. Why would anyone spend money on shoes that would ever fit them, right?

So, in spite of knowing not to buy shoes that do not fit them, why do people invest without knowing what is the right fit for them?

Everyone is always searching for:
'The best Mutual Funds to Invest in?' 
'Tell me where can I get the maximum return possible'
'How much returns will I make through this investment'

The best returns are in the shoe of size 42 but clearly, they do not fit me and will only be a waste of money and similarly, so will your investments if they are bought considering only the 'best returns' as criteria.

You need to invest your money in the investments which are 'RIGHT' for you as per your risk profile. The investments which fit perfectly well in the asset allocation determined by your risk profile just as my feet size determine the final shoe design I pick.

What is this Risk Profile?

The risk profile is your risk-taking capacity and how much risk you can take so that you can peacefully sleep at night. It is based on your ability to take a risk and your willingness to take the risk. Where the ability is more a function of your age, your money, and your goals, willingness is completely behavioral and is determined by your life experiences and education.

Before you start your investments, it is very important that you take a risk profile test (we have attached an indicative risk profile for your reference) and know what is the RIGHT Debt-Equity mix for you.

High Risk = High Returns
Low Risk = Low Returns

Where you make the investment decision based on the risk you are taking, you will eventually be able to achieve your goals with peace of mind and not worrying about the volatility in the markets.
Shouldn't that be the whole point of investing in the first place?

Hence, don't just run behind the highest returns, they might not be the right fit for you. Instead, understand what you want to achieve by investing, plan accordingly, and then invest.

Disclaimer -  These articles are for information purposes only. Information presented is general information that does not take into account your individual circumstances, financial situation, or needs, nor does it present a personalized recommendation to you. You must consult a financial advisor who understands your specific circumstances and situation before taking an investment decision.  



2

Understanding ‘Mutual Fund Units & NAV

Hello fellow investors

More than 6 months into lockdown, 1 market crash and 1 great recovery, the only constant thing is our learning and our Thursday emails. We started writing our emails soon after lockdown and now we enjoy it so much that we cannot wait for the next Thursday to come and share some insights from the finance world with you. 

In today's email, I am going back to the basics of Mutual Funds and explain what exactly are Mutual Fund Units and NAV and how they help or not help you make investment decisions.


What is a Mutual Fund Unit?


Just as share represent the ownership of Equity, units represent the ownership of Mutual funds. When you invest 5000 INR in a mutual fund and the NAV of the fund is 50 INR - you would get 100 units. 

It is like buying petrol when you go to the petrol pump, you ask them to fille petrol in your car for 1000 INR. If the price per litre is INR 100, you would get 10 litres of petrol in your car.

Let's understand a few facts about Units of Mutual Funds


1. You don't need to buy 1 entire unit of Mutual Fund
You can buy a mutual fund in fractions or parts, it is the amount of money you invest that determines how many units you get. Like when you fill petrol in your car, you tell them fille petrol of INR 1000, if per litre petrol price is 72, you get 13.88 litres of petrol. The same thing happens with Mutual Funds.

 

2. You do not sell all your units to withdraw from Mutual Funds.
As you can partially invest in mutual funds, you can also partially withdraw from mutual funds. You can do that anytime you want (unless they are close-ended schemes)


3. Units are not the same as the share price
Equity Mutual Funds invests in Equity stocks/shares but it does not mean that units are the same thing. The share price is of an individual company and the demand and supply of that particular stock are one of the factors of their share price movements. Such does not happen to mutual fund units.

An average of all the underlying stocks of the mutual funds helps determine the value of each unit which is called as Net Asset Value - NAV.

4. NAV is the price of each unit
The price of each unit of a mutual fund is the NAV. If you want to buy 1 unit of a mutual fund, the price you have to pay is the NAV of that mutual fund’s unit on that day.NAV changes every day. So when the NAV goes up, you gain.

A high NAV does not mean that a particular Mutual Fund is better than the one with a low NAV. NAV price does not determine the value of the Mutual Fund.

NAV= (Total market value of assets invested by the fund-Expenses)/No of Units

5. Mutual fund unit price (NAV) goes up and down

As NAV is determined based on the total market value of the assets invested in by mutual fund which includes shares, bonds, cash, any interest or dividend earned by them and would also capture the movement in the price of shares & bonds, the NAV would also move.

NAV of a fund changes every day where there is a change in the underlying asset, this change helps you know if you are in profit or loss.


Mutual Funds are considered one of the most common forms of investing today, in fact it has generated a lot of wealth for investors who have understood the risk of investing in them and managed it appropriately. We will soon be launching a course on Mutual Funds and more, so stay tuned and keep reading our emailers for a detailed update on the same super soon.

Disclaimer: - The articles are for information purposes only. Information presented is general information that does not take into account your individual circumstances, financial situation, or needs, nor does it present a personalized recommendation to you. You must consult a financial advisor who understands your specific circumstances and situation before taking an investment decision.



8bfedc1901692a67b64a52a6937bdfdd_accounting-balance-banking-159804-3504-c-90

Should I pause/stop my SIP?


Warning: strpos() expects parameter 1 to be string, array given in /var/www/wealthcafe.in/wp-content/plugins/jetpack/modules/shortcodes/ted.php on line 110

The tides may appear to have calmed down for now but we never know what is in store for us next. Some relaxations have definitely come out and some more are expected. However, this does not cure COVID 19, it just prepares us for the new normal of living with Covid as we begin to resume our old routines.

While there are many uncertainties looming over us, including pay cuts and job loss, some of you guys asked us if they should discontinue/pause their SIPs under these circumstances?

Like always my answer to this will depend upon how much extra cash you have left each month and if there is an Emergency Fund (equal to 4/6 months of your monthly expenses) in place to take care of these uncertain times.

  • If you have not been affected by pay cuts, you must continue your SIPs as before. Additionally, since you are spending less than before, the savings again must get channeled into your investment portfolio.
  • If your pay has been reduced, counter that with the reduced spends, and if your total savings are still the same, continue with your SIPs. If the savings are lower, then you can dip into your Emergency Fund to ensure your SIPs don’t stop. If you have not set up an EMergency fund, then you will have to reduce your monthly SIP to match the amount you are able to save each month.
  • If you have lost your job, or your salary has been paused, then you can fall back on your emergency fund to take care of your monthly expenses. SIPs will have to be stopped and will suffer.

What is the point of SIPs right now?

SIPs (known as systematic investment plans) are where you invest a fixed amount of money into a choice of your mutual fund at regular intervals (generally monthly). It is an automated process and the amount is debited from your bank and mutual fund units credited to you.

Buying in a falling market reduces your cost giving you higher benefits when the market goes up. To understand this better, let us run you through this example.

You get more units when the fund’s NAV (market price) is lower
You get less units when the fund’s NAV (market price) is higher.

As of 10 May, the NAV is priced at 85, hence the value of your investments will be 54,880 @5% loss.

Instead of doing SIP, had you invested a lump sum of INR 60,000 on 15 November, you would have got only 600 units (as opposed to 669 here) and the value of your investments would be INR 51,000 on 10 May 2020 (at a 15% loss). 

No one knew that the market would fall so drastically and be so volatile in 2020, but your SIPs definitely help you to invest in a staggered and make most of the down market.

Everyone wants to know when we will reach the bottom to buy the maximum number of units. But it is anyone’s guess when the markets will reach the bottom or what the bottom price is.  Hence, SIP is your friend in such markets. When you continue your SIPS, your amount keeps buying a varied number of units (more in a down market) and thus, helping you to average your cost of buying.

Do not stop your SIPs now just because the markets are down, for all you know this time may turn out to be a bargain and help you get better returns in the future.

8

What is travel insurance ?

With the increase in travel, one of the important things that travellers need to know about is Travel Insurance. This form of insurance helps cover a whole range of uncertainties and scenarios that can drain out a traveller’s finances. Most countries require mandatory Travel Insurance while applying for a visa. But choosing the right Travel Insurance which covers all the risks of travel is important.

 

What does Travel Insurance mean?

Travel Insurance is a type of insurance that covers different risks while travelling. It covers medical expenses, lost luggage, flight cancellations, and other losses that a traveller can incur while travelling.

Travel Insurance is usually taken from the day of travel till the time the traveller reaches back to India. Taking Travel Insurance ensures comprehensive coverage in case of any emergency in another country. Travel Insurance is also available for trips taken in the home country of the traveller like Bharat Bhraman & E-Travel, but it is a more popular option for travel abroad.

Some of the risks covered under Travel Insurance are:

  • Personal Accident Cover, which covers:
    • Insured’s Death
    • Permanent Total Disability
  • Accident & sickness medical expense reimbursement
  • Dental treatment relief
  • Emergency evacuation
  • Repatriation of remains in case of death
  • Baggage delay
  • Loss of checked baggage
  • Loss of passport
  • Flight delay
  • Hijack
  • Home burglary
  • Trip curtailment
  • Trip cancellation
  • Missed connection/missed departure
  • Bounced hotel/airline booking.

There may be more risks covered under individual policies depending on the requirements of the traveller. The amounts to which these risks are covered depends on the policy & plan that the traveller opts for. Travel Insurance also covers additional risks at an additional premium. Some of these risks are specific to the traveller or the place the person is travelling to.

 

Types of Travel Insurance:

There are single trip Travel Insurance policies meant for one journey. But for frequent travellers who travel abroad for business purposes, there is an option to buy a multi-trip Travel Insurance policy. Some policies last for an entire year and cover multiple trips to a particular destination. Opting for such policies is much more cost-effective for businessmen and frequent travellers to a particular destination. We also have student policies which are specially designed for students going abroad for studies at an affordable premium. The maximum trip length can last from 30, 45 and 60 days.

Another type of travel policy is a Group Travel Insurance policy. A group policy covers 7 or more travellers. These policies are cost-effective and offer similar benefits as single trip Travel Insurance policies. Group Travel Insurance policies are based on the age of the travellers which means it works out more cost-effective per traveller. Most travel companies opt for group Travel Insurance policies when they take groups across different countries on tours.

It is easy to pick out a policy once you know the Travel Insurance definition. While planning your trip abroad, pick out a Travel Insurance policy that provides exhaustive coverage with high coverage. It is possible to check the cost of Travel Insurance on insurance aggregators and pick out the best policy. HDFC Bank offers a variety of Travel Insurance policies through the bank’s website like Student Travel Insurance, Domestic, Senior Citizens, Family and even Individual Travel Insurance. You can easily pick out a policy that suits your need and provides the best value for money.

 



Wealth Cafe Financial Services Pvt Ltd is a AMFI registered ARN holder with ARN -78274.

Wealth Cafe Financial Services Pvt Ltd is a SEBI registered Authorised Person (sub broker) of Motilal Oswal Financial Services Ltd with NSE Regn AP0297087003 and BSE Regn AP0104460164562.

 

Copyright 2010-20 Wealth Café ©  All Rights Reserved