17

Harsh Mehta – 1992 Scam – Our Learnings

Hello fellow investors

Ishq hai, toh Risk hai!! Today, I am going to talk about the most acclaimed show of the Indian network currently - Harshad Mehta - 1992 Scam. Don't worry I am not going to give any spoilers. Through this article, it is my attempt to share the learnings about investing that we all can take home and apply.

Harshad Mehta, a name which is could be new to many young investors but is the reason why my father moved to Bombay and took up finance as his profession. He was the living God for many young investors back in 1992 and he also helped many people make money in the market. However, when the basis of his work and reality came to light, he also became the reason for many people losing their entire life savings. 

 


Let's check out the learnings you budding investors can take from the show:

  1. The 3 main fundamentals of investing in the stock market are 1. Have common sense 2. Do research on the fundamentals of the company 3. Do not underestimate how behavior and investors' confidence changes the tides of the market.
  2. The entire show in fact focuses on the fact that the blinding trust of people in Harshad made them buy stocks of companies he was buying even where some of the companies had no business or value. Never just invest in tips + articles - Do your own research, it is your money. 
  3. Fear of missing out (FOMO) can lead to higher losses if not managed properly. You need to be able to control your emotions. Buying when the market is going up in the fear of missing out could make you lose more money. Buy when the price is right, not because everyone else is buying.
  4. When you invest on the basis of a tip from anyone you are gambling in the market, playing your chances not really investing any money on fundamentals.
  5. No one is the god of the market, the market waits and listens to nobody, there are many players and forces that make the market move, and having a proper process which guides you when to enter and when to leave will help you manage your risk of investing. One such process is asset allocation. We have written many articles to explain how this process helps you overcome your fear and FOMO and invest as per your risk-taking capacity.
  6. Equity Investing is RISKY and has always been but over time, various financial institutions and SEBI has better control to protect the interest of investors, having said that there have been many crashes after 1992 which are beyond our control (including the one in March 2020). One thing to remember as an investor is a market high in 1992 was 4000 and 2020 was 40,000. After every crash, the market does bounce back, all you have to do is give it time. Hence, the key to success in Equity Investing has always been Long term !!
  7. There will always be another market crash around us waiting to happen, we can never time that or control. As investors what you and I can control is our learnings, investing basis true fundamentals, and building a balanced portfolio that is designed based on goals and asset allocation, phir Harshad Aaye ya corona, Hume Nahi koi Rona Dhona.

This was a small email with some very detailed take-aways. Do enjoy the show, there are so many things to learn from it and I could not feel more proud to be a part of the time and space where Indian television is making shows which highlight the importance of financial literacy. The main learning from the entire show is that we must know how to manage our money, we must be financially aware so that no one can take any undue advantage of us and our money.

On this note of learning and becoming more aware, I want to inform you that we are coming out soon with our new course on money management - Namaste Money only for you - newbie investors. This will be a detailed online course where we will teach you everything from debt and equity to mutual funds to asset allocation. All our days and nights are going into finalizing the content of this course and opening it for registration. You can read all about 1this course here. Don't forget to give us your feedback.

 

Disclaimer: - The articles are for information purposes only. Information presented is general information that does not take into account your individual circumstances, financial situation, or needs, nor does it present a personalized recommendation to you. You must consult a financial advisor who understands your specific circumstances and situation before taking an investment decision.



9

Indian Stock Market timings

Indian Stock Market Timings

Trade in the stock market can only be undertaken during a specific time interval in India. Retail customers have to perform such transactions through a brokerage agency between 9.15 a.m. to 3.30 p.m. on weekdays. Most investors undertake the purchase/sale of securities listed on the major stock exchanges in India – Bombay stock exchange (BSE) and National Stock exchange (NSE). Indian stock market timings are the same for both these major stock exchanges.

 

Indian stock market timings for trade is divided into three segments:

Pre-opening Timing

This session lasts from 9.00 a.m. to 9.15 a.m. Orders to purchase or sell any securities can be placed during this time. It can be further classified into three sessions:

  • 9:00 a.m. – 9.08 a.m.

During this stock market opening time in India, orders for any transaction can be placed. The order entry is given preference when actual trading begins, as these orders are cleared off in the beginning. Any requests placed during this time can be changed or canceled according to need, which is beneficial to investors, and no orders can be placed after this period of 8 minutes during the pre-opening session.

  • 9:08 a.m. – 9.12 a.m.

This segment of Indian share market timing is responsible for the price determination of security. Price matching order is done by corresponding demand and supply prices to ensure accurate transactions among investors who want to purchase or sell a security, respectively Determination of final prices at which trading will begin during normal Indian stock market timing is done through a multilateral order matching system.

Price matching order plays a vital role in determining the price at which the security is transacted during a normal session of Indian stock market timing.

However, the benefits of modification of any order already placed in not available during this session.

 

  • 9:12 a.m. – 9.15 a.m.

This time acts as a transition period between preopening and normal Indian share market timing. No additional orders for transactions can be placed during this time. Also, existing bets already placed from 9.08 a.m. – 9.12 a.m. cannot be revoked as well.

Normal Session 

This is the primary Indian share market timing lasting from 9.15 a.m. to 3.30 p.m. Any transactions made during this time follow a bilateral order matching system, wherein price determination is done through demand and supply forces. The bilateral order matching system is volatile, thereby inducing several market fluctuations which are ultimately reflected in security prices. To control this volatility, the multi-order system was formulated for the pre-opening session and was incorporated in Indian stock market timings.

Post-closing Session 

Stock market closing time in India is marked at 3.30 p.m. No exchange takes place after this period. However, the determination of closing price is done during this time, which has a significant effect on the following day’s opening security price.

Stock market closing time in India can be divided into two sessions –

  • 3:00 p.m. – 3.40 p.m.

The closing price is calculated using a weighted average of prices at securities trading from 3 p.m. – 3.30 p.m. in a stock exchange. For determining the closing prices of benchmark and sector indices such as Nifty, Sensex, S&P Auto, etc. weighted average prices of listed securities are considered.

  • 3:40 p.m. – 4 p.m.

This period is post stock market closing time when bids for the following day’s trade can be placed. Bids placed during this time are confirmed, provided adequate buyers and sellers are present in the market. These transactions are completed at a stipulated price, irrespective of changes in opening market price.

Thus, capital gains can be realized if the opening price exceeds the closing price by an investor who has already placed their bids. In case closing price exceeds opening share price, bids can be canceled during the narrow window of 9.00 a.m. – 9.08 a.m.

The overall stock market operating time in India can be demonstrated by the following table:

S. No. NameTime 
1.Pre-opening session9.00 a.m. – 9.15 a.m.
2.Normal session9.15 a.m. – 3.30 p.m.
3.Closing session3.30 p.m. – 4.00 p.m.

Aftermarket Orders

Post this time frame. No transactions can take place. However, investors can place aftermarket orders, for securities of chosen companies, which would be allocated at opening market price the following day.

Muhurat’ Trading 

Indian stock market is generally closed for any transactions on Diwali, as it is a religious festival celebrated all across the country. However, a one-hour trading session is conducted from 5.30 p.m. to 6.40 pm as it is considered to be auspicious.

 





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