11

What is the Due Date for Tax Filing? FY 2019-20, AY 2020-21

Due date for Income Tax Return Filing is extended to 31st December 2020 for FY 2019-20 (AY 2020-21). For tax audit and TP audit, the due date is 31 January 2021.

The due date for filing income tax returns is the date by which the returns can be filed without any late fee or penalty. The taxpayers filing their return beyond such due date will have to pay interest under 234A and penalty under section 234F. It is important for all the taxpayers to remember the due date of filing income tax returns. The due date varies on the basis of taxpayers. For instance, salaried individuals are usually required to file their income tax returns by 31st of July of the assessment year.

For the FY 2019-20, the due date for all taxpayers stands extended to 31 December 2020. Here’s the table of the due dates for FY 2019-20 for different categories of taxpayers:

Category of TaxpayerDue Date for Tax Filing – FY 2019-20
Individual31 December 2020
Body of Individuals (BOI)31 December 2020
Hindu Undivided Family (HUF)31 December 2020
Association of Persons (AOP)31 December 2020
Businesses (Requiring Audit)31 January 2021
Businesses (Requiring TP Report)31 January 2021

 

Also, let’s take a look at the due dates for the FY 2018-19:

Category of TaxpayerDue Date for Tax Filing – FY 2019-20
Individual30th September 2019
Body of Individuals (BOI)30th September 2019
Hindu Undivided Family (HUF)30th September 2019
Association of Persons (AOP)30th September 2019
Businesses (Requiring Audit)31st October 2019
Businesses (Requiring TP Report)30th November 2019

 

Important Due Dates of Income tax return filing for the year 2020   Whenever we talk about income tax, there is various kind of compulsory tax formalities that need to be followed by a person and that too within the specified due dates prescribed, such as filing of income tax returns, paying advance tax on time.   Here is the TAX CALENDAR for the FY 2020-21:

Due DateTax Due
15th June 2020Due date for the first instalment of advance tax for the FY 2020-21
15th September 2020Due date for the second instalment of advance tax for the FY 2020-21
31st December 2020Due date to file income tax return for FY 2019-20 (AY 2020-21) other than audit cases. Secondly, Due date for filing of  tax audit report for the FY 2019-20 for the following: I. companies ii. Non-Companies Whose books are required to be audited. The due date for filing Audit report for the FY 2019-20 in case of a person who is required to submit a report pertaining to international or specified domestic transactions under section 92E. The due date for the report to be furnished in Form 3CEB in respect of international and specified domestic transactions
31st January 2020The due date for filing of Income-tax Return for FY 2019-20 for taxpayers whose accounts are subject to tax audit and TP audit
15th December 2020Due date for the third instalment of advance tax for the FY 2020-21
15th March 2021I. The fourth instalment of advance tax due for the FY 2020-21 ii. The due date for the whole amount of advance tax for FY 2020-21 for taxpayers covered under the presumptive scheme of Section 44AD and 44ADA Read about how to calculate and pay Advance Tax.
17

Harsh Mehta – 1992 Scam – Our Learnings

Hello fellow investors

Ishq hai, toh Risk hai!! Today, I am going to talk about the most acclaimed show of the Indian network currently - Harshad Mehta - 1992 Scam. Don't worry I am not going to give any spoilers. Through this article, it is my attempt to share the learnings about investing that we all can take home and apply.

Harshad Mehta, a name which is could be new to many young investors but is the reason why my father moved to Bombay and took up finance as his profession. He was the living God for many young investors back in 1992 and he also helped many people make money in the market. However, when the basis of his work and reality came to light, he also became the reason for many people losing their entire life savings. 

 


Let's check out the learnings you budding investors can take from the show:

  1. The 3 main fundamentals of investing in the stock market are 1. Have common sense 2. Do research on the fundamentals of the company 3. Do not underestimate how behavior and investors' confidence changes the tides of the market.
  2. The entire show in fact focuses on the fact that the blinding trust of people in Harshad made them buy stocks of companies he was buying even where some of the companies had no business or value. Never just invest in tips + articles - Do your own research, it is your money. 
  3. Fear of missing out (FOMO) can lead to higher losses if not managed properly. You need to be able to control your emotions. Buying when the market is going up in the fear of missing out could make you lose more money. Buy when the price is right, not because everyone else is buying.
  4. When you invest on the basis of a tip from anyone you are gambling in the market, playing your chances not really investing any money on fundamentals.
  5. No one is the god of the market, the market waits and listens to nobody, there are many players and forces that make the market move, and having a proper process which guides you when to enter and when to leave will help you manage your risk of investing. One such process is asset allocation. We have written many articles to explain how this process helps you overcome your fear and FOMO and invest as per your risk-taking capacity.
  6. Equity Investing is RISKY and has always been but over time, various financial institutions and SEBI has better control to protect the interest of investors, having said that there have been many crashes after 1992 which are beyond our control (including the one in March 2020). One thing to remember as an investor is a market high in 1992 was 4000 and 2020 was 40,000. After every crash, the market does bounce back, all you have to do is give it time. Hence, the key to success in Equity Investing has always been Long term !!
  7. There will always be another market crash around us waiting to happen, we can never time that or control. As investors what you and I can control is our learnings, investing basis true fundamentals, and building a balanced portfolio that is designed based on goals and asset allocation, phir Harshad Aaye ya corona, Hume Nahi koi Rona Dhona.

This was a small email with some very detailed take-aways. Do enjoy the show, there are so many things to learn from it and I could not feel more proud to be a part of the time and space where Indian television is making shows which highlight the importance of financial literacy. The main learning from the entire show is that we must know how to manage our money, we must be financially aware so that no one can take any undue advantage of us and our money.

On this note of learning and becoming more aware, I want to inform you that we are coming out soon with our new course on money management - Namaste Money only for you - newbie investors. This will be a detailed online course where we will teach you everything from debt and equity to mutual funds to asset allocation. All our days and nights are going into finalizing the content of this course and opening it for registration. You can read all about 1this course here. Don't forget to give us your feedback.

 

Disclaimer: - The articles are for information purposes only. Information presented is general information that does not take into account your individual circumstances, financial situation, or needs, nor does it present a personalized recommendation to you. You must consult a financial advisor who understands your specific circumstances and situation before taking an investment decision.



16

Digital Gold: Have you pocketed everything you need to know?

Hello fellow investors

Digital Gold is considered as one of the best and most convenient ways to invest in gold for us gold love-stuck Indians. In the past one year, every other payment app like Paytm, Google Pay and now even Amazon Pay has joined the players who offer Digital Gold. Even many stockbrokers have joined the offering to cater to the Indians' love for Gold.

The increasing gold prices and higher returns in the past 1 year have only further affirmed this love. Is this digital gold all that glittery for real?  Have you looked at the fees, cost structure, and the regulations behind buying digital gold? Read this article to understand the various nuances of digital gold and things to consider before buying digital gold (only for convenience)


Digital Gold – Have you pocketed everything you need to know?

The entire mantra of Digital India has been pushed to gold as well and now an investor can purchase gold using payment apps like Paytm, Phone Pe, Google Pay, Amazon Pay, etc.

As investors, it is important to be aware of how Digital Gold functions; where is the money eventually going, and how cost-effective this investment is. Here we will break down these concepts for you and help you have a well-informed discussion about digital gold and it will offer you insights if you should go for it or not.



What is Digital Gold?

Digital Gold is a way to invest in physical gold ‘digitally’. It is offered by 3 main vendors in India – Augmont Gold; MMTC-PAMP India Pvt. Ltd (a joint venture between state-run MMTC Ltd and Swiss firm MKS PAMP) and Digital Gold India Pvt. Ltd with its Safe Gold brand. Various payment apps such as – Paytm (Safe Gold), Google Pay (MMTC-PAMP), Amazon Pay (Safe Gold), and investment platforms such as – Kuvera, Groww, and stockbrokers bring to you this digital gold in partnership with one of the three vendors. There are many new financial service providers who are adding digital gold to their bouquet of services.

So how does this work? When an investor buys gold via these apps, physical gold equivalent to that amount is kept safely in a vault under the security of the vendors. The investor can then choose to sell the gold at any time using the same app or convert it into gold coins (after reaching a certain limit).

Digital gold enables an investor to buy, sell, and accumulate pure gold of finesse 99.99 (24K gold) infractions anytime, anywhere. Thus, even with a minuscule monetary investment of INR 1, an investor can buy gold (even if it’s a minuscule quantity of it) at their convenience regardless of the time and place. What’s more, is that one can do so without worrying about the purity of gold.



Is this product really all gold?

To dig deeper into the digital gold framework and its working, we checked the buying & selling prices on various apps and compared the same to MCX gold prices.

MCX Price on 18 September was INR 51,210

As you can see from the table above, there is a clear difference between the buy and sell price of digital gold. Also, the prices on these apps are much higher than the MCX price for gold.

The gold price is higher on the platforms as they charge convenience fees, gold handling charges, trustee fees, storage charges which are all included in the gold price but there is no breakup of these charges mentioned anywhere. Additionally, a GST of 3% is also payable on the gold price.

Meanwhile, the selling price is substantially lower than the buying price and on top of it, some platforms also charge a convenience fee when you sell the gold.

Making & delivery charges – An investor can take physical delivery of gold in the form of gold coins and jewellery (Paytm has tie-ups with Kalyan Jewellers). While converting to coins, making charges and delivery charges are payable. On the Paytm app, the minimum quantity of 0.5 grams of gold is required to convert to gold coins and the charges vary from 384 for 1 gram gold coin to 944 for 10 gram gold coin (these charges and specifications varies across each app)

Apart from the additional cost, the risk of investing in digital gold is that there is no regulator for the product. When digital gold is bought, the vendor purchases gold of an equivalent amount in the investor's name. Generally, a trustee is appointed to see if the quantity and purity of gold is maintained in line with the gold purchased by the investor. However, currently, there is no regulator to oversee if the trustee is doing the work properly. This is a point of concern because even the apps which help one to buy digital gold are only a medium to buy it. Ultimately gold is stored with the vendors.

In light of the lack of regulatory framework coupled with the high cost of digital gold, other investment options of gold such as sovereign gold bonds & Gold ETF appear more viable when investing larger amounts of money and for longer periods.

On the other hand, digital gold helps us, gold love-struck Indians, to accumulate gold in smaller quantities as investing in large amounts may be out of bounds for a large section of the population. And this can be seen in the high volume of transactions seen by platforms like Paytm in a short span of time.

If you want to know more about the basics of Digital Gold, do check out our video on the same through the following link:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kNnyBJw6sm4&t=2s&ab_channel=WealthCafeFinancial

 

Disclaimer: - The articles are for information purposes only. Information presented is general information that does not take into account your individual circumstances, financial situation, or needs, nor does it present a personalized recommendation to you. You must consult a financial advisor who understands your specific circumstances and situation before taking an investment decision.



5

Things To Do After You Buy A Health Insurance

Hi there Usually, we have health insurance and discuss how to get health insurance. In this article, we discuss things to do after you buy a health insurance plan. 1.  Understand claim procedures In the case of emergency hospitalization and in the case of planned hospitalization find out the documents and steps necessary to intimate the insurer. Copy this information from the insurer or TPA’s website onto a word processor, print it, and keep it along with the policy document and policy ID card. 2. Recognise that ‘cashless’ is not a right! Health insurance comes with a right to claim reimbursement. However, cashless claims are more of a privilege than a right. It is quite possible that the insurer may either deny cashless or allow it partially and ask the insured to claim the rest of the expenses via reimbursement after the hospitalization is complete. 3. Prepare for the next premium Even if you choose not to increase the cover each year, do not assume the premium will be the same next year. The premium could increase due to other reasons – age of individuals, the risk profile of the entire group covered by the group, underwriting test, and perhaps medical checkups too. Start an online recurring deposit that matures 6-8 weeks before the premium is due.  If you are comfortable, you can choose to put money aside in a liquid fund for your insurances. 4. Understand the implications of sub-limits There is nothing wrong with buying a policy with room-rent sub-limits. The only precaution is to ensure that the room-rent is always lower than that allowed by the sub-limit. This is because every kind of hospital fee (medicines, doctor fees, etc.) is linked to the room rent. So if you choose a room rent higher than that allowed by your policy, you will only be reimbursed (or paid via cashless) a portion of the hospital bill. 5. Recognize the impact of non-medical expenses Hospitalization is not only about paying hospitalization fees! There is a huge list of non-medical expenses that any patient could incur. There are some administrative expenses, household expenses (while you are hospitalized), support staff expenses, and some expenses which get rejected in your insurance. Even if you believe that your health insurance cover is sufficient, these expenses have to be paid. This is where your emergency fund will come in handy. So ensure that you have one in place. 6. Health Cover for family members If you are the earning member it is very crucial to have your own insurance but it is equally important to have health insurance for your family members, as any medical emergency for them would result in a financial setback for you and the entire family. If the budget is a constraint you can consider taking up a family floater plan - watch our youtube video on this.  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F0JNvA5a_eQ&ab_channel=WealthCafeFinancial  Health Insurance could be considered as one of the trickiest insurances to buy as the health issues are very different for each person and then each insurance company has varied insurance needs. As a practice, do understand the various clauses of your insurance and have an emergency fund in place to be stressfree of any unforeseen health issues. Disclaimer: - The articles are for information purposes only. Information presented is general information that does not take into account your individual circumstances, financial situation, or needs, nor does it present a personalized recommendation to you. You must consult a financial advisor who understands your specific circumstances and situation before taking an investment decision.



2

Understanding ‘Mutual Fund Units & NAV

Hello fellow investors

More than 6 months into lockdown, 1 market crash and 1 great recovery, the only constant thing is our learning and our Thursday emails. We started writing our emails soon after lockdown and now we enjoy it so much that we cannot wait for the next Thursday to come and share some insights from the finance world with you. 

In today's email, I am going back to the basics of Mutual Funds and explain what exactly are Mutual Fund Units and NAV and how they help or not help you make investment decisions.


What is a Mutual Fund Unit?


Just as share represent the ownership of Equity, units represent the ownership of Mutual funds. When you invest 5000 INR in a mutual fund and the NAV of the fund is 50 INR - you would get 100 units. 

It is like buying petrol when you go to the petrol pump, you ask them to fille petrol in your car for 1000 INR. If the price per litre is INR 100, you would get 10 litres of petrol in your car.

Let's understand a few facts about Units of Mutual Funds


1. You don't need to buy 1 entire unit of Mutual Fund
You can buy a mutual fund in fractions or parts, it is the amount of money you invest that determines how many units you get. Like when you fill petrol in your car, you tell them fille petrol of INR 1000, if per litre petrol price is 72, you get 13.88 litres of petrol. The same thing happens with Mutual Funds.

 

2. You do not sell all your units to withdraw from Mutual Funds.
As you can partially invest in mutual funds, you can also partially withdraw from mutual funds. You can do that anytime you want (unless they are close-ended schemes)


3. Units are not the same as the share price
Equity Mutual Funds invests in Equity stocks/shares but it does not mean that units are the same thing. The share price is of an individual company and the demand and supply of that particular stock are one of the factors of their share price movements. Such does not happen to mutual fund units.

An average of all the underlying stocks of the mutual funds helps determine the value of each unit which is called as Net Asset Value - NAV.

4. NAV is the price of each unit
The price of each unit of a mutual fund is the NAV. If you want to buy 1 unit of a mutual fund, the price you have to pay is the NAV of that mutual fund’s unit on that day.NAV changes every day. So when the NAV goes up, you gain.

A high NAV does not mean that a particular Mutual Fund is better than the one with a low NAV. NAV price does not determine the value of the Mutual Fund.

NAV= (Total market value of assets invested by the fund-Expenses)/No of Units

5. Mutual fund unit price (NAV) goes up and down

As NAV is determined based on the total market value of the assets invested in by mutual fund which includes shares, bonds, cash, any interest or dividend earned by them and would also capture the movement in the price of shares & bonds, the NAV would also move.

NAV of a fund changes every day where there is a change in the underlying asset, this change helps you know if you are in profit or loss.


Mutual Funds are considered one of the most common forms of investing today, in fact it has generated a lot of wealth for investors who have understood the risk of investing in them and managed it appropriately. We will soon be launching a course on Mutual Funds and more, so stay tuned and keep reading our emailers for a detailed update on the same super soon.

Disclaimer: - The articles are for information purposes only. Information presented is general information that does not take into account your individual circumstances, financial situation, or needs, nor does it present a personalized recommendation to you. You must consult a financial advisor who understands your specific circumstances and situation before taking an investment decision.



8

Should you spend or invest your bonus?

Hi fellow investors

The bonus season is here! 
Given that we cannot use our bonuses immediately to travel anywhere as such, it is a good time to put our thoughts to what we can do with our bonuses.

Generally, what you do with your bonus is a very personal choice on how you want to use your lump sum money and make the most of it. I have made the following suggestions to help you make an informed decision.


1. Reward yourself
Bonus is the money that you get for doing exceptional hard work in the year that has passed by and it is only fair to use a part of it to reward yourself. You can use it to buy yourself that fancy gadget that you always wanted, go on that vacation, put it aside for your dream car, etc.



2. Create your emergency fund 
Using your bonus amount to create your emergency fund of 4-6 times of your monthly expenses if you already don't have one. Given, the uncertainty of COVID 19 has not yet found a resort/calm it is best to have an emergency fund in place.



3. Pay your outstanding debt
Many people use their bonuses to prepay their loans and reduce the burden of a heavy loan. While how much loan you are comfortable with is a very personal choice, you can consider these 2 parameters to check if you should prepay or not. 

  • If your loan EMI is 50% or more of your take-home income, you should use your bonus amount to prepay and reduce the same to a comfortable 30% - 40% of your take-home income.
  • If your loan EMI is 20% - 30% of your take-home income, you can continue the same and pay it from your monthly income and enjoy tax benefits. You can avoid using your bonus to prepay your loan.

Basically, if you are having sleepless nights because of outstanding loan amounts, then use the bonus to prepay and have a good night's sleep.


4. Cover up your tax-saving investments
My first advice is always to invest regularly even for tax deductions to avoid any last-minute cash crunch in February and March. However, if you have not done the same, then use your bonus to do so and plan your investments to claim the tax deductions.



5. Keep it aside for your dream goals
Take that photography/culinary course, put it aside for your trip to Norway, buy that bike, save up for your business idea you have - keep this money aside for any goal of yours that is important to you and can be used for your own dreams. Use the bonus money for something that would add value and make you happy.

Bonus is a good lump sum payment and it is good to use it for something that will have a lasting impact on you.

Have fun splurging and investing (at least some of it).

See you next Thursday!

Disclaimer: - The articles are for information purposes only. Information presented is general information that does not take into account your individual circumstances, financial situation, or needs, nor does it present a personalized recommendation to you. You must consult a financial advisor who understands your specific circumstances and situation before taking an investment decision.



4

What To Do When You Lose a Part of Your Income

Hi there

Times are difficult, as the economy is getting back on its feet and everything is slowly opening up again. Payments have been delayed/cut and jobs have been lost amongst the various uncertainties that plague our everyday. Amidst this, it is very important to keep our heads straight and use this time and your money effectively. 

Here are a few things that you can do right now to make the most of your money in case you have had a pay cut/job loss recently:

1) Keep a track of all your spendings


It is extremely important to prioritize your expenses and use whatever money you have effectively. Make a list of all your expenses - divide them into essential and non-essential expenses (and avoid this completely for a while). This way, you can reduce expenses which are not important at the moment.

We know shopping is relaxing and helps you feel good but do not use 'delivery start ho gaya' as an excuse to go overboard with online shopping. If you don't need something in the next few months as you are still working from home,- DO NOT SHOP! SAVE that amount instead! Use this time to evaluate all your unnecessary spendings and list them down and control it. 


2) Use your Emergency Fund


This is what your Emergency Fund was built for. If you have been following us, you must be having at least  3 months' worth of your expenses on hand. DO use it to cover your essentials like groceries and rent. DO NOT use it to splurge on that big sale. Make sure you are spending your Emergency Fund sensibly. Cutting back on spending will help you stretch your savings for longer.

If you can take support from your parents/spouse/family - there is no harm in asking them for help. These are tough times and asking for help is not a bad thing. 


3) Hide your Credit Cards


Hide this card, give it to your mother if you must, to keep it away; but do not use it. Credit cards may look very lucrative right now and even make you buy some things which you 'feel' like buying. Stay away from them. It will be a financial disaster, given the uncertainty around your future income and the interest rates that get charged on deferred credit card payments. Completely avoid using them.


4) Stop/Pause your Investments


If there is a reduction in income/ or no income now - it is advisable to stop/pause your SIPs until you have a regular flow of income to match up to them. If you have a credit card payment pending, use your savings to pay that off. But remember, the idea, for now, is to free up your cash flows, instead of spending or investing it away. 

Also, evaluate your investments to check what you can do if things get worse (its good to be hopeful but better to be planned) and know all the avenues you can revert to if things go bad.

Ensure you have your health insurance & life insurance in place. If a health emergency strikes now, it can really eat into your savings, so it is better to be prepared.

As a last resort - if you have been contributing to EPF (Employee provident fund), you have the option of taking money out from the same, worth 3 months of your contribution to EPF. Do remember it will take some time to get this money credited to your account and we would recommend not touching it unless it is extremely important.

5) Start preparing for what is next right away
  • Update your skill sets, read about things that can help you become better in your field, and also garner more attention.
  • Update your social media and use it as a tool to interact and network with new people.
  • Take up freelancing work, many organizations are looking to hire part-time/freelancers for case-specific work - a good time to learn about that.
  •  The idea is to reach out as much as possible, towards people and opportunities that may help you come out of this crisis sooner. 

Clear communication and a positive planned approach will help you sail through this. Look at hidden opportunities in this to develop those skill sets, writing your weekly blogs (like this one :P) or catch up on your reading. 
 
Whenever you feel like you're stuck in a difficult situation, it is advisable to seek the services of a good, honest financial advisor. You can always reach out to us for any financial problems that you may have. We are here to listen and help you out.


Until then keep reading, learning, and growing. This too shall pass.

Disclaimer: - The articles are for information purposes only. Information presented is general information that does not take into account your individual circumstances, financial situation, or needs, nor does it present a personalized recommendation to you. You must consult a financial advisor who understands your specific circumstances and situation before taking an investment decision.



3

How Many Mutual Funds Should You Have? (Part 1)

This week I am back with some discussion around Mutual Funds. In one of my workshops, during our mutual fund's discussion, I had this one trainee ask me - So what's your number?

I stared at her for a while not knowing what I am supposed to answer to that. Well, she rephrased her question, 'What is the number of mutual funds you are invested in?'  I said, '6 Mutual Funds'.She had the bewildered look on her face wondering how I had so fewer funds. I decided to show her my portfolio.


How many mutual funds schemes should you own? 

Owning around 5-7 mutual fund schemes across various categories is enough. These many mutual fund schemes will help you diversify, do your asset allocation, and also map these investments to your goals. You can invest your savings in the mutual fund schemes as per the below categories:

  1. Large Cap Mutual Fund (Equity)
  2. Large & Mid-Cap Mutual Fund (Equity) (your ELSS tax saving schemes are generally a Large & Mid Cap Mutual Fund)
  3. Mid Cap Mutual Fund (Equity)
  4. Small-Cap Mutual Fund (Equity)
  5. Thematic Mutual Fund (where you understand specific sectors and have a higher risk-taking appetite)  
  6. Short Term Debt Mutual Fund (For your short term goals)
  7. Long Term Debt Mutual Fund (For your long term goals)

In addition to the above, I have one Liquid Mutual Fund where I park my Emergency Funds. You can park your Emergency Fund in a Bank Fixed Deposit as an alternative.


Why only 5-7 Mutual Funds?

When you invest in Mutual Funds, you already diversify your risk across the stocks of the companies a particular mutual fund has invested in. Hence, with a large-cap mutual fund, your risk is diversified across more than 70 stocks that particular large-cap mutual fund has invested in. Investing in three different large-cap funds is not going to reduce your risk further, it will only make your investment portfolio messy.

'Mutual funds investing is to diversify your risk and not to di"worsify" the same'.

Further, reducing the number of schemes to a minimum of 5 also reduces the cost of managing the same and the time that goes in keeping a track of it and analyzing it regularly.


What do I do when I have more savings to Invest?

Increase your investment in the existing mutual fund's schemes you own. 
Investing in a new scheme every time you have extra savings will just lead you to own 15-20 mutual funds schemes with no plan in sight. Hence, it is important to do your due diligence and identify the mutual funds you want to invest in and stick to them. 

Yes, you must review your schemes regularly to see how are they performing in various market cycles but know that all schemes will not give you the best results always. There are some time periods where mid-cap and small-cap schemes will do better, other times when large-cap schemes will outperform and sometimes your debt investments will be the best performer for the year. Hence, it is important to be diversified across categories.


'Every time I check for the best mutual fund scheme and invest in the ones that are on the top' 

Studies have proven that selecting mutual funds based on high-performance track records is naive. The Star rating of various mutual fund keeps changing, a fund that is top rated in this one year, is hardly the top-rated fund in the subsequent years. Tim Courtney, a chief Investment advisor of US-based Burns Advisory did backtesting of past performance of the funds most highly rated, he found that they usually performed poorly after they have gotten 5 ratings. Hulbert financial digest, an investment newsletter found that if investors continually adjusted their mutual funds' holdings to hold only the highest-rated funds, a total stock market index would have beaten them by 45.8 % in the past decade (he studied funds from 1994 to 2004 in the USA). In fact over the years, it has gotten even more difficult to beat the markets and get alpha on your investments.  - extracts from Millionaire extracts - How to build wealth living overseas by Andrew Hallam

Hence, just investing in top-rated schemes is not going to give you the desired returns but only make your portfolio messy and not even get you the best returns.

Wealth cafe Takeaway - While you are investing in 5-7 different schemes across the options stated above, ensure that you invest across various AMCs as well. This will ensure that you are diversifying your risk and your entire money is not with only one AMC.

We shall follow up this article with a part 2 on how to downsize your portfolio.

Until then, keep reading, if you find this helpful, do share it with your friends.

Disclaimer: - The articles are for information purposes only. Information presented is general information that does not take into account your individual circumstances, financial situation, or needs, nor does it present a personalized recommendation to you. You must consult a financial advisor who understands your specific circumstances and situation before taking an investment decision.



1

Why do people ‘NOT’ consider financial education ‘ Important’?

Hi fellow investors!

A very dear friend visited me for lunch recently, and we had a nice afternoon chat. It was such a relief to see a new face to talk to and eat with. He also happens to be the Marketing Executive for another education company and we got talking about Wealth Cafe and why we conduct money workshops and teach financial education.

The most important discussion we had was around 'WHY' so many people don't consider financial education or money as a priority, and my usual long phone conversations with Harsh Vardhan Dawar (Founder & Director of Wealth Cafe) also majorly revolve around the 'WHY' and 'HOW' of Financial education, I thought it would be interesting to share the same with you this week.

Why it is important yet difficult to study about managing your OWN Money & Investments?

 


1. Money takes time to grow!


It does and we have always said it. When you buy chocolate, you get to enjoy it within 10 seconds of you purchasing it, whereas when you invest, you may finally enjoy its fruits only after years. Your Fixed Deposit of 10,000 becomes 10,600 after 1 year. 365 days. 8,760 hours. It takes time and it requires the investor to wait for it to grow. 

Remember - Don't wait to Invest, Invest, and Wait.


2. Not a part of our dinner table discussions or school gang chats


Do you talk to your family about where you should invest your money or have your parents discussed it with you over dinner? If you have, then it's amazing, but most families don't have this discussion. Also, when we're hanging out with our friends we almost never talk about investments, savings, or goals (we may have mentioned the economy and stock market but not concrete discussions on how you can plan your finance). 

#letschangethedialogue. 


3.  Money matters 


For most of us, money is important until we have enough to buy and do what we want to do at the moment or maybe in the near future. Many of us are at a phase where we want to earn more and work (job/freelance) for it is the only option. Money matters a lot but only to the extent where it adds comfort to our present life. 

We generally don't tend to ponder over questions like 'Will I have enough when I retire?' or 'Can I quit my job to start something of my own?'


4. Money is boring


Well, I have to face this, I love reading and talking about money and investments, but for a person without a financial background, it may not be as exciting. Not many people are pumped about getting up from their beds and reading about the nuances of Mutual funds or FDs. It is akin to researching the bacteria that caused you the toothache.

But if you love yourself, you go to be on top of your health and wealth. Either learn about it or have an expert take care of it for you.


5. Not a priority


While my friend and I were having this long discussion, I asked him if he had ever taken the effort to educate himself about money matters, and surprisingly, his answer was no!  He said that there was never enough time for him to sort his finances or read up about it. Work always kept him busy and Alas! this is the most important reason.

If any of these reasons are blocking you or holding you back, let's work on it together. 

When you work hard your entire life to make money, you can work a little to make your money work hard for you. It's all about prioritizing.

 

The important subject of Money Management is not taught at any level of school or college in India which is why the financial literacy of India is at a meager 2%. Without proper knowledge about financial products, one cannot make the right decision with respect to investments. At Wealth Café, we are working on doing that, our everyday effort is to make finance simple for you :).

Here's wishing that you also start taking that small effort to make your own money a priority for you.

Where you think any of your friend or family could benefit from this, please do share via email or Facebook :)

Disclaimer -  The articles are for information purposes only. Information presented is general information that does not take into account your individual circumstances, financial situation, or needs, nor does it present a personalized recommendation to you. You must consult a financial advisor who understands your specific circumstances and situation before taking an investment decision.  



8bfedc1901692a67b64a52a6937bdfdd_accounting-balance-banking-159804-3504-c-90

Should I pause/stop my SIP?

The tides may appear to have calmed down for now but we never know what is in store for us next. Some relaxations have definitely come out and some more are expected. However, this does not cure COVID 19, it just prepares us for the new normal of living with Covid as we begin to resume our old routines.

While there are many uncertainties looming over us, including pay cuts and job loss, some of you guys asked us if they should discontinue/pause their SIPs under these circumstances?

Like always my answer to this will depend upon how much extra cash you have left each month and if there is an Emergency Fund (equal to 4/6 months of your monthly expenses) in place to take care of these uncertain times.

  • If you have not been affected by pay cuts, you must continue your SIPs as before. Additionally, since you are spending less than before, the savings again must get channeled into your investment portfolio.
  • If your pay has been reduced, counter that with the reduced spends, and if your total savings are still the same, continue with your SIPs. If the savings are lower, then you can dip into your Emergency Fund to ensure your SIPs don’t stop. If you have not set up an EMergency fund, then you will have to reduce your monthly SIP to match the amount you are able to save each month.
  • If you have lost your job, or your salary has been paused, then you can fall back on your emergency fund to take care of your monthly expenses. SIPs will have to be stopped and will suffer.

What is the point of SIPs right now?

SIPs (known as systematic investment plans) are where you invest a fixed amount of money into a choice of your mutual fund at regular intervals (generally monthly). It is an automated process and the amount is debited from your bank and mutual fund units credited to you.

Buying in a falling market reduces your cost giving you higher benefits when the market goes up. To understand this better, let us run you through this example.

You get more units when the fund’s NAV (market price) is lower
You get less units when the fund’s NAV (market price) is higher.

As of 10 May, the NAV is priced at 85, hence the value of your investments will be 54,880 @5% loss.

Instead of doing SIP, had you invested a lump sum of INR 60,000 on 15 November, you would have got only 600 units (as opposed to 669 here) and the value of your investments would be INR 51,000 on 10 May 2020 (at a 15% loss). 

No one knew that the market would fall so drastically and be so volatile in 2020, but your SIPs definitely help you to invest in a staggered and make most of the down market.

Everyone wants to know when we will reach the bottom to buy the maximum number of units. But it is anyone’s guess when the markets will reach the bottom or what the bottom price is.  Hence, SIP is your friend in such markets. When you continue your SIPS, your amount keeps buying a varied number of units (more in a down market) and thus, helping you to average your cost of buying.

Do not stop your SIPs now just because the markets are down, for all you know this time may turn out to be a bargain and help you get better returns in the future.



Wealth Cafe Financial Advisors Pvt Ltd is a AMFI registered ARN holder with ARN -78274.

Wealth Cafe Financial Advisors Pvt Ltd is a SEBI registered Authorised Person (sub broker) of Motilal Oswal Financial Services Ltd with NSE Regn AP0297087003 and BSE Regn AP0104460164562.

 

Copyright 2010-20 Wealth Café ©  All Rights Reserved